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Corporate Governance | CASIO

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Governance

Corporate Governance

│Corporate Governance System

To promote sustainable growth and medium- to long-term improvements to our corporate value, we position swift decision-making, the proper performance of duties, and strengthening our management oversight functions as core issues for the Company. To ensure appropriate responses to these issues, we are strengthening the Board of Directors’ oversight functions. To accelerate and optimize business execution based on appropriate supervision by the Board of Directors, with a resolution passed on June 27, 2019 at the General Meeting of Shareholders, we switched to a company with an Audit & Supervisory Board to a company with an Audit & Supervisory Committee structure. Currently, the Board of Directors has nine members, with one-third of the seats reserved for outside directors to strengthen its oversight function.

│Board of Directors

The Board of Directors is chaired by the President & CEO and is comprised eight members including three outside directors. To strengthen the management platform, we have adopted a system with two representative directors.

  • Six directors (excluding directors serving as Audit & Supervisory Committee members and of whom, one is an outside director)
  • Three directors serving as Audit & Supervisory Committee members (of whom, two are outside directors)

The term for directors (excluding directors serving as Audit & Supervisory Committee members) shall be one year in order to clarify management responsibilities and enable them to respond to rapid changes in operating environments.

The Board of Directors is responsible for the function of decision-making and overseeing business execution by management. The Board discusses and makes decisions on important management matters specified in laws and regulations, the Articles of Incorporation, and the Rules on the Board of Directors. To increase efficiency and agility in the execution of business, the Board of Directors delegates executive authority to executive officers on matters that do not meet the standards set for referral to the Board of Directors in laws and regulations, the Articles of Incorporation, and the Rules on the Board of Directors.

│Audit & Supervisory Committee

The Audit & Supervisory Committee is comprised of three directors who are Audit & Supervisory Committee members. The chair of the Audit & Supervisory Committee is selected by the committee members from among those members who are outside directors. The current chair is ABE Hirotomo.
In order to ensure the soundness and transparency of business management, Audit & Supervisory Committee members attend Board of Directors’ meetings and other important meetings including committee meetings and the Management Meeting and voice their opinions, as necessary, to ensure appropriate decision-making.
Audit & Supervisory Committee members also exercise strict oversight by meeting regularly to communicate with the representative directors, soliciting information and reports from directors (excluding directors who are Audit & Supervisory Committee members) and others, and reading the documentation for resolutions on important matters.

│Nomination and Compensation Committees

With the aim of strengthening the transparency, independence, objectivity, and accountability of the process for nominating directors and determining their remuneration, we have arbitrarily established the Nomination Committee and the Compensation Committee as advisory bodies under the Board of Directors to obtain appropriate involvement and advice from independent outside directors.
When requested by the Board of Directors, the Nomination Committee, after due deliberation, submits proposals to the General Meeting of Shareholders concerning the nomination and removal of directors and recommendations on selection standards (including a succession plan) for director candidates.
When requested by the Board of Directors, the Compensation Committee deliberates on and submits proposals to the Board of Directors concerning the agenda for the General Meeting of Shareholders such as compensation for directors and recommendations on such matters as policies related to the director compensation system and its framework.

│Executive Officer System and Executive Officers

Executive officers are delegated certain authority to execute business according to the policies established by and under the supervision of the Board of Directors. The management structure is based on business management according to a matrix whose two axes are business units and functions. We have introduced a structure of three chief officers—CEO, CHRO, and CFO—for management from the optimal Companywide perspective to strengthen governance functions.
Under this structure, a weekly Management Meeting is held to bring together the officers in charge of the various business units and functions to discuss important matters, share information, and expedite the execution of business. Executive officers are nominated based on competence and performance history and are selected by the Board of Directors from among elite human resources capable of contributing to the further growth of consolidated operations. The term of office is one year, the same as for directors (other than directors who are Audit & Supervisory Committee members).

│Composition of the Board of Directors

We believe that it is necessary for the Board of Directors to be comprised of members with diverse perspectives, experience, and skills in order to ensure effective management and oversight functions. As such, in addition to inside directors who are familiar with the Company’s business, our Board of Directors is comprised of outside directors possessing broad knowledge and extensive
experience in corporate management, science, administration, finance and accounting, law, and other fields.
Outside directors bring in external perspectives and increase management transparency. The Company also appoints outside directors to further strengthen the oversight function regarding the execution of business. They are experts who can provide opinions and advice from a wide variety of perspectives, including that of stakeholders, and are invited to Board of Directors’ meetings and other meetings.
The three outside directors comment and state their opinions as necessary to ensure adequate and appropriate decision making by the Board of Directors.

Composition of the Board of Directors

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│Directors’ Training

Based on the belief that directors must continue to advance their skills and knowledge if they are to sufficiently fulfill their roles, we actively promote self-improvement by directors. The Company continuously offers the support, including the provision of information, opportunities, and cost reimbursements, necessary for self-improvement.
We continuously offer information to promote a better understanding of our business operations, particularly for outside directors. This includes planning and providing opportunities, both at the time of appointment and throughout the term of their appointment, to participate in important internal meetings, tour domestic and overseas plants and offices, and attend internal research seminars. Directors who are members of the Audit & Supervisory Committee are provided opportunities for skills improvement necessary for their roles and responsibilities through information provision by the Japan Audit & Supervisory Board Members Association and participation in seminars.

│Outside Directors

Outside directors are appointed in order to enhance corporate transparency by incorporating external perspectives into management and further strengthening oversight of operations. The Company appoints experts who are able to provide opinions and advice from stakeholder and other diverse perspectives to the Board of Directors meetings and other meetings.
The three outside directors make suggestions as needed to ensure the validity and appropriateness of decision-making by the Board.

Reason for Appointment as an Outside Director

OZAKI
Motoki
Independent
Director
Mr. OZAKI possesses many years of management experience at major corporations. Drawing on this experience, he has contributed greatly to invigorating the discussions of the Board of Directors and improving its effectiveness by making highly valuable and timely comments and proposals on the management of the Company in general from an objective and varied perspective based on his extensive experience and deep knowledge. He was appointed additionally for his contribution as the chair of the Nomination Committee and as a member of the Compensation Committee to discussions on improving the transparency and effectiveness of the director appointment process and to discussions looking into the process for determining director compensation.
ABE
Hirotomo
Independent
Director
Mr. ABE possesses extensive experience of working overseas for a general trading company and specialist knowledge based on his research and other activities as a graduate school student and professor in the fields of law and business management. He has contributed greatly to invigorating the discussions of the Board of Directors and improving its effectiveness by commenting actively on the management of the Company in general from these specialist perspectives. He was appointed additionally for his contribution as a member of the Nomination Committee and as the chair of the Compensation Committee to discussions on improving the transparency and effectiveness of the director appointment process and to discussions looking into the process for determining director compensation.
CHIBA
Michiko
Independent
Director
Ms. CHIBA possesses expertise in finance and accounting and extensive auditing experience as a certified public accountant. She has contributed greatly to invigorating the discussions of the Board of Directors and improving its effectiveness by commenting actively on the management of the Company in general from these specialist perspectives. She was appointed additionally for her contribution as a member of the Nomination Committee and the Compensation Committee to discussions on improving the transparency and effectiveness of the director appointment process and to discussions looking into the process for determining director compensation.

Diagram of Corporate Governance System

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│Internal Auditing

The Internal Audit Group, which consists of four auditors, formulates an annual audit plan (reviewed every six months) in light of the risk situation and, in accordance with the plan, audits the status of organizational management based on common Group standards. The Internal Audit Group then reports the results to directors as appropriate to maintain and strengthen the internal control and risk management systems. Meanwhile, the Internal Audit Group exchanges information and opinions with the Audit & Supervisory Committee on a regular basis and holds quarterly meetings with it. When planning internal audits and after conducting them, the Internal Audit Group submits a report on the audit items to the Audit & Supervisory Committee, and the two work together in this way to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the audit function.

│Analysis and Evaluation of Board of Directors’ Effectiveness

With an awareness of the changes in the roles expected of the Board of Directors, we evaluate the effectiveness of the Board of Directors and conduct reviews aimed at strengthening organizational and operational governance.
In the fiscal year ended March 31, 2022, as in the previous fiscal year, we conducted a survey of the directors (including Audit & Supervisory Committee members) to identify potential improvements to the role, functions, operational management, and other aspects of the Board of Directors.
As a result, we were able to confirm the evaluation in that discussions on important matters were deepened through enhanced preliminary briefing sessions and the provision of information on management from the executive departments.
On the other hand, there was an opinion that it was necessary to further strengthen the monitoring and supervisory functions and to further enhance deliberations on discussions from a medium- to long-term and strategic perspective. Based on the results of this evaluation, we will work to further increase the effectiveness of the Board and make continuous improvements.

│Director Compensation

The compensation of directors of the Company is as stipulated below.

Director Compensation Composition

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│Performance-Linked Compensation

Performance-linked compensation paid in the form of bonuses is based primarily on consolidated net sales and consolidated operating profit as these are thought to be the indicators that best reflect the results of management efforts to improve performance. Specifically, the payments are based on the actual figures for consolidated net sales and consolidated operating profit for the relevant fiscal year and on performance relative to targets. Business conditions and other qualitative factors are also reflected in bonus amounts.

│Breakdown of non-monetary Compensation

We have introduced a system of non-monetary compensation in the form of restricted stock compensation. The aim is not only to provide an incentive toward continuous increase in corporate value, but also to further reinforce the sense of value sharing with shareholders. The number of shares allocated to each individual is calculated by dividing a figure representing a fixed proportion of the individual’s total annual compensation by the stock price.* A restriction on stock transfer applies until the director’s retirement.

* Closing price on the day before the Board of Directors meeting at which allocation is approved.

│Resolutions of the General Meeting of Shareholders on Director Compensation

A resolution was passed at the 63rd Ordinary General Meeting of Shareholders of June 27, 2019, setting the maximum combined annual compensation amount at a total of 400 million yen for the directors (excluding directors who are Audit & Supervisory Committee members but including a maximum annual amount of 30 million yen for the outside directors) and a total of 70 million yen for directors who are Audit & Supervisory Committee members. The above compensation does not include employee salaries paid to directors with concurrent employee duties. The number of directors as of the close of the above General Meeting of Shareholders (excluding directors who were Audit & Supervisory Committee members) was five (including one outside director), and the number of directors who were Audit & Supervisory Committee members was three. At the same meeting, the maximum combined annual amount of restricted stock compensation for the directors (excluding Audit & Supervisory Committee members and outside directors) was set, within the above limits on director compensation, at a total of 100 million yen (maximum 80,000 shares). As of the close of the above General Meeting of Shareholders, the number of applicable directors was four.

│Agreed Policy on the Content of the Individual Directors’ Compensation

(1) Method of deciding agreed policy on the content of the individual directors’ compensation

To set the agreed policy on the content of the individual directors’ compensation, the Board of Directors advised the Compensation Committee on the formulation of draft proposals, and the Board of  Directors’ meeting held on March 25, 2021, adopted an agreed policy with acceptance of the content of the submitted proposals.

(2) Outline content of the agreed policy

The two points indicated below form the basic policy on the compensation of directors (excluding directors who are Audit & Supervisory Committee members; the same applies below), which is designed to function as a healthy incentive toward sustainable growth.

  • Compensation is set at a competitive level with a view to attracting external human resources
  • Compensation is designed to serve as an incentive promoting a healthy entrepreneurial spirit

The level of compensation is set according to the role expected of the position, with market benchmarking for reference.
The compensation of directors other than outside directors is composed of a fixed component supplemented by a performance-linked component made up of bonuses and stock compensation. In view of their particular duties, the compensation of outside directors consists of fixed compensation only.

To give greater emphasis to performance-linked compensation, the relative weights of the compensation components are set at 60% for fixed compensation and 40% for performance-linked compensation (of the performance-linked compensation, 25%consists of bonuses and 15% of stock compensation). However, these proportions may be adjusted according to the individual role.

Regarding the timing of the payment of compensation, the period from July of each year until the following June is the period for which the annual compensation amount is paid, with the fixed compensation paid in monthly installments. Bonuses are paid in December and June, while stock compensation is provided in a single allocation in July.

│Delegation of Responsibility for Decision on Individual Directors’ Compensation

To decide the individual directors’ compensation, the Compensation Committee, chaired by an outside director, discusses aspects of director compensation such as the compensation system and compensation level in response to a request from the Board of Directors and submits proposals to the Board of Directors, based on which the Board of Directors delegates to President & CEO KASHIO Kazuhiro to assume responsibility for deciding the individual compensation in accordance with the compensation limits adopted by the General Meeting of Shareholders and the agreed policy on compensation. The president and CEO confers with the directors who are Compensation Committee members before deciding on individual compensation based on the proposals submitted by the commitee. The reason for the delegation of the decision on individual compensation to the president and CEO is that the president and CEO is considered the most appropriate to evaluate the department which the director is in charge of based on an overview of the Company’s performance, etc.

Compensation for FYE 3/2022

Executive category Total compensation amount Total amount by compensation type Number of applicable executives
Directors
(Excluding Audit & Supervisory Committee members and outside directors)

136 million yen

Fixed compensation 76 million yen

4

Performance-linked compensation 59 million yen

Non-monetary compensation

included in the above figure

37 million yen
Audit & Supervisory Committee members
(Excluding outside directors)
15 million yen Fixed compensation 15 million yen 1
Outside directors 32 million yen Fixed compensation 32 million yen 3

Notes:
1. Amounts paid to directors do not include employee wages paid to directors with managerial duties.
2. The total amount of non-monetary compensation for directors (excluding Audit & Supervisory Committee members and outside directors) is made up of 37 million yen in performance-linked compensation.

│Dialogues with Shareholders

We recognize that it is crucial to build a long-term, trust-based relationship with our shareholders and investors through proactive dialogue, so we have a dedicated executive officer responsible for IR activities under the direction of our president and CEO.
Our internal structure promotes a common awareness of the importance of dialogue with shareholders. We
collaborate on IR activities by gathering and accumulating necessary information from the networks linking relevant departments. Directors or executive officers directly engage in IR activities as necessary depending on theme and content. In addition to sharing opinions received through shareholder interactions with the Board of Directors, we also share information at the Management Meeting and on other occasions as necessary to reflect those opinions in measures aimed at improving corporate value.
To ensure the management of insider information during IR activities, we have outlined rules concerning the
handling of important undisclosed information and work to ensure strict implementation of those rules. Part of our response measures includes requiring that meetings are attended by multiple people.
In addition to communication through individual meetings, other measures for IR management include holding quarterly earnings briefings for institutional investors and securities analysts where the president and CEO or executive officer responsible for IR provides a summary of financial results and future outlook. To promote further understanding of our Company, we are enhancing external communications by listing various IR information on our website and have established a help desk for receiving inquiries from shareholders.

│Basic Views on Internal Control System and Progress on System Development

The Casio Group has established the Charter of Creativity for Casio, Casio Common Commitment and Casio Business Conduct Guidelines based on the corporate creed of “Creativity and Contribution.” The following systems have been implemented to ensure proper business operation.

(1) System to ensure that performance of duties by directors and employees of the Company and group companies comply with the Articles of Incorporation and relevant laws and regulations

a. Based on laws, the Articles of Incorporation, and rules for the Board of Directors, the Board of Directors decides important issues relating to legal requirements and management of the Company and group companies, and prevents violations of the law or the Articles of Incorporation by monitoring the performance of duties by the directors.
b. In order to comply with relevant laws and regulations regarding the performance of duties, specific documents such as policies and rules are prepared. Awareness of these is promoted throughout the Company and each Group Company after various committees, such as the Internal Control Committee, have examined and deliberated on them.
c. The Whistleblower Hotline has been established with internal and external channels and operates as the point of contact for inquiries and reporting on problems related to legal violations and other compliance matters. The Company ensures that whistleblowers are not penalized.
d. The Company and Group companies are not involved with antisocial forces, which pose a threat to social order and public safety, in any way, and the entire organization is resolute in refusing any improper demands.
e. The validity and operational adequacy of the above-mentioned rules are improved through internal audits and continual review, in order to prevent any misconduct.

(2) System for retaining and managing information relating to performance of duties by directors and employees of the Company and group companies

Each department retains and manages information relating to the performance of duties by the directors and employees concerned, based on the Document Management Rules and other rules.

(3) Risk management rules and other systems at the Company and the Group Companies

a. The Company and the Group Companies have a system to manage risks that can have a significant impact on management. The system is promoted in a unified way by the relevant departments and the Secretariat for the Internal Control Committee, based on the Risk Management Rules.
b. Fundamental Policies on Product Safety and an implementation system have been established with an understanding that maintaining customer confidence in product safety is an important management issue.

(4) System to ensure the efficient performance of duties by directors and employees of the Company the Group Companies

a. Board of Directors meetings are held to discuss important management issues facing the Company and the Group Companies. Such meetings are held at least once a month, in principle, to enable decisions to be made swiftly and in a reasonable manner.
b. The Company’s executive officers and directors (including Audit & Supervisory Committee members) attend Management Meeting to discuss and decide on the execution of important business matters. They ensure group-wide coordination and smooth implementation of measures.
c. Detailed execution procedures are outlined in the Executive Decision Making Authority Rules and the Group Company Decision Making Authority Rules.
d. The Group Companies have created a system for performance of duties based on consolidated management plans, the Group Company Decision Making Authority Rules, and various basic group policies.

(5) System to ensure proper operations at the Company and group companies

a. To ensure proper operations, the Company and the Group Companies have various rules based on the Charter of Creativity for Casio, Casio Common Commitment, and Casio Business Conduct Guidelines.
b. The Company assigns certain directors or executive officers based on a system under which directorsand officers are responsible for specific Group Companies. The relevant directors and executive officers perform the Group Company management through a system that requires reporting to and approval by the Company, in accordance with the Group Company Decision Making Authority Rules.
They also perform monitoring as necessary.
c. The Company and the Group Companies have built a system to ensure the adequacy and reliability of financial reporting. After internal controls related to business flow and financial reporting are inspected, they are documented and evaluated, and revised to improve them.

(6) System for employees that assist Audit & Supervisory Committee in the performance of their duties, and the independence of those employees from the directors (who are Audit & Supervisory Committee Members)

a. Employees are appointed to assist Audit & Supervisory Committee in their duties.
b. Matters concerning the appointment, transfer, evaluation or discipline of employees who assist the Audit & Supervisory Committee require prior consent from the Audit & Supervisory Committee. 

(7) System for the Company’s directors and employees and group companies’ directors, auditors, and employees to report to the Audit & Supervisory Committee; other systems for reporting to the Audit & Supervisory Committee; and systems to ensure that audits by the Audit & Supervisory Committee are performed effectively

a. Whenever something that is likely to cause significant damage to the Company or the Group Companies, facts pertaining violation of the law or the Articles of Incorporation, or facts pertaining to illegal conduct of business are discovered, the Company’s directors and employees must immediately report these to the Audit & Supervisory Committee.
b. Whenever something that likely to cause significant damage to the Company or the Group Companies, facts pertaining to a violation of the law or the Articles of Incorporation, or facts pertaining to illegal conduct of business are discovered, the directors, auditors and employees of a Group Company must immediately report it to the Company officer in charge of the Group Company, and that officer must immediately report it to the Audit & Supervisory Committee.
c. Whenever a Group Company’s directors, auditors and employees determine that a management action or guidance from the Company may violate the law, or may present a compliance issue, they must report it to the Audit & Supervisory Committee.
d. The Company’s directors and employees and the directors, auditors and employees of the Group Companies will submit reports and information in response to requests from the Audit & Supervisory Committee.
e. The Company’s Internal Audit Department periodically reports the results of audits of the Company and the Group Companies to the Audit & Supervisory Committee.
f. The Whistleblower Hotline Secretariat reports the status of whistleblower reports and measures taken to the Audit & Supervisory Committee.
g. The Company and the Group Companies ensure that people who have made a report to the Audit & Supervisory Committee are not penalized.
h. The Company promptly processes any requests it receives for the prepayment or reimbursement of expenses arising from the performance of duties by the Audit & Supervisory Committee.
i. Audit & Supervisory Committee Members may attend any important internal meeting of the Company.
j. Important ringi approval documents of the Company and the Group Companies are reported to the Audit & Supervisory Committee after approval.

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